How It Works
This groundbreaking innovation is not so difficult to understand: Think of it as a battery, but storing thermal energy rather than electricity.
The easiest way to describe the SaltX principle goes like this: You have two tanks connected in vacuum - in other words there is no pressure on the inside. The tank to the left below, holding the salt crystals embedded in a "matrix" (the "X -factor" in the salt), we call Reactor ("R") since that is where the chemical reaction in the salt takes place. The other tank does not contain any salt, only matrix, we call the Condenser ("C"), where the liquid "condensates".
When starting the process, the Reactor has a ‘solution of salt and liquid, while the Condenser is empty.
To charge the crystals we need a source of thermal energy, which has to be at least 100 degrees Celsius. This could be energy from the sun, excess heat from a gas burner or waste heat from an engine. The heat source is connected to the Reactor. By doing this, we "boil" the liquid out of the salt solution, drying the salt. The heating continues until the salt is completely "dry" and formed solid crystals, and the liquid has moved over to the Condenser. During the charging process, part of the heating energy is chemically stored in the salt crystals, and part is rejected as condensation heat.
Making sustainability possible
When discharging the salt crystals, the Condenser is connected to ambient air or an Air Conditioning system making the liquid in the Condenser to evaporate or boil, which is why the Condenser becomes an Evaporator ("E"). Boiling of the liquid in the Evaporator at room temperature is possible since it is vacuum with a pressure is close to zero .
As the liquid evaporates back to the Reactor, the Evaporator gets cold - thus generating cooling. In the Reactor, the vapor condensates and reacts with the salt, and the chemical energy stored in the salt crystals is released, generating heating. The discharging process ends when all vapor has moved back to the Reactor and the salt is again completely "wet".
The process can then be restarted, and repeated - over and over again. Thanks to the nano-coating of the salt and matrix, there is no degradation over time: This is the "X" factor in SaltX.